MARINE OBSERVATION SQUADRON 3
Marine Observation Squadron 3 was originally activated 1
December 1943, at Quantico, Virginia, as Marine Observation
Squadron 351. It was to be the "eyes" for Marine Artillery units
in the Pacific. The squadron was redesignated Marine Observation
Squadron 3 in 1944. The squadron flew many hazardous spotting
missions at Peleliu, and later, at Okinawa, earned the
Presidential Unit Citation. After the war, VMO-3 served in
Northern China, before relocating, first to Guam, and later to
Cherry Point, North Carolina, where the squadron was deactivated
In 1966, the Marine Corps received permission to activate two
"temporary war-time only" VMOs. VMO-3 was reactivated at Camp
Pendleton in August, and was on its way to Vietnam by December.
VMO-3 flew its UH-1E Hueys from Hue/Phu Bai and MCAF Marble
Mountain as part of 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. In 1968, with the
addition of the OV-10A "Bronco" to the VMO inventory, the
decision was made to remove the UH-1 from the VMOs and create
three Light Helicopter Squadrons (HMLs). Instead of deactivation,
VMO-3 and its sister squadron VMO-5 (UH-1 training squadron based
at Camp Pendleton) were redesignated. VMO-3 became HML-367.
1943 - 1949
- Activated 1 December 1943 at Quantico,
Virginia, as (Artillery Spotting Division) Marine Observation
- Redesignated 15 January 1944 as Marine
Observation Squadron 3.
- Deployed during January - March 1944 to
Espiritu Santo and assigned to Marine Aircraft Group 11, Marine
Air South Pacific.
- Participated in the following World War II
- Redeployed during September - October 1945 to
Tientsin, China and assigned to the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing.
- Participated in the Occupation of North China,
October 1945 - June 1947.
- Redeployed during July 1947 to Orote, Guam,
and reassigned to Marine Aircraft Group 24.
- Redeployed during February 1949 to Agana,
- Relocated during May 1949 to Cherry Point,
North Carolina and reassigned to the 2nd Marine Aircraft
- Deactivated 20 August 1949 at Cherry Point,
- Reactivated 1 August 1966 at Camp Pendleton,
California, as Marine Observation Squadron 3 and assigned to
Marine Wing Support Group 37, 3d Marine Aircraft Wing.
- Deployed during December 1966 to Hue/Phu Bai
and reassigned to Marine Aircraft Group 16, 1st Marine Aircraft
- Participated in the war in Vietnam December
1966 to March 1968, operating from
- Redesignated 24 March 1968 as Marine Light
Helicopter Squadron 367
- PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION
STREAMER with three bronze stars
World War II
Okinawa - 1945
1965 - 1967
- NAVY UNIT COMMENDATION
- ASIATIC-PACIFIC CAMPAIGN STREAMER with
two bronze stars
- WORLD WAR II VICTORY
- NAVY OCCUPATION SERVICE
STREAMER with ASIA clasp
- CHINA SERVICE STREAMER
- NATIONAL DEFENSE SERVICE
- VIETNAM SERVICE STREAMER with
three bronze stars
- VIETNAM CROSS of GALLANTRY
STREAMER with PALM
- VIETNAM MERITORIOUS UNIT CITATION CIVIL
These honors were inherited by
- Nicknames: "Scarface"
- ID Code: AA 1946-47; AA 1947-49;
- Aircraft: OY-1 (WW2); AE-1*; SBD-5**; UH-1E
- Squadron Web Pages:
* These were assigned to VMOs to make up a shortage of aircraft while refitting.
** According to Navy listings, VMO-3 carried 1 SBD-5 on strength from Aug 1944 through mid-Apr 45.